|Provisional Results of Household Consumer Expenditure Survey of NSS 68th Round (July 2011 – June 2012)|
The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has completed the Field work of NSS 68th round on 30th June 2012. This round was devoted mainly to Household Consumer Expenditure and Employment and Unemployment. The NSS consumer expenditure surveys aim at generating estimates of household monthly per capita expenditure (MPCE) and its distribution separately for the rural and urban sectors of the country, for States and Union Territories, and for different socio-economic groups. These indicators are amongst the most important measures of the level of living of the respective domains of the population and are crucial inputs for estimation of prevalence of poverty by the Planning Commission. The detailed results on consumer expenditure of NSS 68th Round are expected to be brought out by the NSSO during the year 2013. In the mean time provisional estimates relating to MPCE are being released. A separate Summary Sheet of the Household Consumer Expenditure schedule was prepared by the field investigators during the survey which has been processed quickly to compile the provisional results.
The provisional results of NSS 68th Round are based on the Central Sample consisting of 7391 villages (59,070 sample households) in rural areas and 5223 urban blocks (41,602 sample households) spread over almost all States and Union Territories in the country.
The results compiled are based on a measure termed as “Monthly Per capita Consumer Expenditure with Uniform Reference Period” (MPCEURP), where a common reference period of “last 30 days” was used for all items of Consumer Expenditure on which data were collected.
The values of average MPCEURP for NSS 68th , 66th and 61st rounds at all-India level at current prices and at 2004-05 prices are given in Table 1 and Table 2 below:
Table 1: Average MPCEURP (Rs.) at current Prices
URP: Uniform Reference Period of 30 days
Table 2 : Average MPCEURP (Rs.) at 2004-05 Prices
URP: Uniform Reference Period of 30 days
Besides, the all-India average MPCE, average MPCE over decile classes of MPCE from the data collected in the 68thRound are given below in Table 3. The first decile class comprises the bottom 10 percent of population in terms of MPCE and the top (10th) decile class comprises the top 10 percent of population. These decile classes for rural and urban domains are computed separately.
Table 3:All India average MPCEURP (Rs.), NSS 68th Round, Consumer Expenditure over decile classes of population.
Figures are Provisional
Some salient findings of the survey in terms of MPCEURP are as follows:
· The average MPCEURP in 2011-12 was estimated at Rs.1281.45 in rural India and Rs.2401.68 in urban India. Thus the per capita expenditure level of the urban population was on the average about 87.4% higher than that of the rural population.
· The poorest 10% of India’s rural population had an average MPCEURP of Rs.503.49. The poorest 10% of the urban population had an average MPCEURP of Rs.702.26.
· The top 10% of the rural population, ranked by MPCEURP, had an average MPCEURP of Rs. 3459.77, about 6.9 times that of the bottom 10%. The top 10% of the urban population had an average MPCEURP of Rs. 7651.68, about 10.9 times that of the bottom 10%.
· In rural India, half of the population belonged to households with MPCEURP below Rs.1030 (median value) and nearly 40% of the rural population of India had MPCEURP below Rs.922. About 60% of rural population had MPCEURP below Rs. 1162. About 10% had MPCEURP above Rs.2054.
· In urban areas of India, half of the population was living with MPCEURP below Rs.1759, about 70% of population had MPCE above Rs1295, nearly 30% had MPCE above Rs. 2464, and 20% had MPCE above Rs.3077.
(This document is available on the website (http://www.mospi.gov.in) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation)
Wednesday, August 1, 2012
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